ON THIS DAY (19 MARCH)(global)



1882 1st stone laid for the Sagrada Familia basilica in Barcelona, designed by Antoni Gaudí

1885 Louis Riel returns to Canada, proclaims provisional government, Sask

1919 Literary Magazine "Littérature", edited by André Breton, Philippe Soupault,

     and Louis Aragon publishes its first issue

1920 US Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles for 2nd time refusing to ratify League

     of Nations' covenant (maintaining isolation policy)

1925 Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli (future Pope John XXIII) becomes a bishop, appointed

     as Apostolic Visitor to Bulgaria

1937 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Divini redemptoris against communism

1940 French government of Édouard Daladier falls

1942 FDR orders men between 45 & 64 to register for non-military duty

1943 In their third match, Jake LaMotta finally defeats Jimmy Reeves by

     knocking him out in the sixth round

1945 Adolf Hitler issues "Nero Decree" to destroy all German factories

1947 Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek conquers Jenan

1950 US Open Women's Golf, Rolling Hills CC: Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins

     by 9 strokes from amateur Betsy Rawls

1950 LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Augusta CC: Babe Didrikson

     Zaharias wins her 2nd of 3 Titleholders titles by 8 strokes from amateur Claire Doran


1953 Tennessee Williams' "Camino Real" premieres in NYC

1953 25th Academy Awards: "Greatest Show on Earth", Gary Cooper & Shirley

     Booth win (1st time televised)

1955 17th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: San Francisco beats La Salle, 

     77-63; Dons' future Hall of Fame center Bill Russell is named tournament Most Outstanding Player

1958 Britain's first planetarium opens at Madame Tussaud's, London

1981 -21] Emmy 8th Daytime Awards - Susan Lucci loses for 2nd time

1984 American sitcom "Kate & Allie" premieres on CBS TV starring

      Susan Saint James and Jane Curtin

1987 Bonnie Blair skates ladies' world record 500 m (39.43 sec)

1995 Michael Jordan rejoins Chicago Bulls after 17 months, beats Pacers

2001 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductees: Aerosmith; Solomon Burke

    ; The Flamingos; Michael Jackson; Queen; Paul Simon; Steely Dan;

     Ritchie Valens; James Burton; Johnnie Johnson; and Chris Blackwell

2003 Airstrikes by an American and British-led coalition signal the

     beginning of the invasion of Iraq, without United Nations support and

     in defiance of world opinion

2016 Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice, directed by Zack Synder and 

     starring Ben Affleck and Henry Cavill, first premieres in Mexico City

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