C VS C++ : which one is better

 C vs. C++


C VS C++ : which one is better


What is C?

C is a structural or procedural orientated programming language that is machine-impartial and drastically utilized in numerous applications.


C is the simple programming language that may be used to expand from the running systems (like Windows) to complicated applications like Oracle database, Git, Python interpreter, and plenty of more. C programming language may be referred to as a god's programming language because it paperwork the bottom for different programming languages. If we understand the C language, then we will without difficulty examine different programming languages. C language changed into advanced via way of means of the brilliant pc scientist Dennis Ritchie on the Bell Laboratories. It consists of a few extra functions that make it specific from different programming languages.


What is C++?

C++ is a special-reason programming language advanced via way of means of Bjarne Stroustrup at Bell Labs circa 1980. C++ language could be very just like C language, and it's so well suited with C that it could run 99% of C applications with out converting any supply of code aleven though C++ is an object-orientated programming language, so it's miles more secure and well-based programming language than C.


Let's recognize the variations among C and C++.

The following are the variations among C and C++:


Definition

C is a structural programming language, and it does now no longer assist lessons and objects, whilst C++ is an object-orientated programming language that helps the idea of lessons and objects.

Type of programming language

C helps the structural programming language wherein the code is checked line via way of means of line, whilst C++ is an object-orientated programming language that helps the idea of lessons and objects.

Developer of the language

Dennis Ritchie advanced C language at Bell Laboratories whilst Bjarne Stroustrup advanced the C++ language at Bell Labs circa 1980.

Subset

C++ is a superset of C programming language. C++ can run 99% of C code however C language can't run C++ code.

Type of technique

C follows the top-down technique, whilst C++ follows the bottom-up technique. The top-down technique breaks the principle modules into duties; those duties are damaged into sub-duties, and so on. The bottom-down technique develops the decrease degree modules first after which the subsequent degree modules.

Security

In C, the facts may be without difficulty manipulated via way of means of the outsiders because it does now no longer assist the encapsulation and facts hiding whilst C++ is a totally steady language, i.e., no outsiders can manage its facts because it helps each encapsulation and facts hiding. In C language, capabilities and facts are the loose entities, and in C++ language, all of the capabilities and facts are encapsulated withinside the shape of objects.

Function Overloading

Function overloading is a function that lets in you to have a couple of characteristic with the identical call however varies withinside the parameters. C does now no longer assist the characteristic overloading, whilst C++ helps the characteristic overloading.

Function Overriding

Function overriding is a function that offers the particular implementation to the characteristic, that is already described withinside the base magnificence. C does now no longer assist the characteristic overriding, whilst C++ helps the characteristic overriding.

Reference variables

C does now no longer assist the reference variables, whilst C++ helps the reference variables.

Keywords

C consists of 32 keywords, and C++ helps fifty two keywords.

Namespace function

A namespace is a function that companies the entities like lessons, objects, and capabilities beneathneath a few particular call. C does now no longer comprise the namespace function, whilst C++ helps the namespace function that avoids the call collisions.

Exception coping with

C does now no longer offer direct assist to the exception coping with; it desires to apply capabilities that assist exception coping with. C++ presents direct assist to exception coping with via way of means of the usage of a try-trap block.

Input/Output capabilities

In C, scanf and printf capabilities are used for enter and output operations, respectively, whilst in C++, cin and cout are used for enter and output operations, respectively.

Memory allocation and de-allocation

C helps calloc() and malloc() capabilities for the reminiscence allocation, and loose() characteristic for the reminiscence de-allocation. C++ helps a brand new operator for the reminiscence allocation and delete operator for the reminiscence de-allocation.

Inheritance

Inheritance is a function that lets in the kid magnificence to reuse the houses of the figure magnificence. C language does now no longer assist the inheritance whilst C++ helps the inheritance.

Header document

C application uses  header document whilst C++ application uses  header document.


Let's summarize the above differences in a tabular form.

No.CC++
1)C follows the procedural style programming.C++ is multi-paradigm. It supports both procedural and object oriented.
2)Data is less secured in C.In C++, you can use modifiers for class members to make it inaccessible for outside users.
3)C follows the top-down approach.C++ follows the bottom-up approach.
4)C does not support function overloading.C++ supports function overloading.
5)In C, you can't use functions in structure.In C++, you can use functions in structure.
6)C does not support reference variables.C++ supports reference variables.
7)In C, scanf() and printf() are mainly used for input/output.C++ mainly uses stream cin and cout to perform input and output operations.
8)Operator overloading is not possible in C.Operator overloading is possible in C++.
9)C programs are divided into procedures and modulesC++ programs are divided into functions and classes.
10)C does not provide the feature of namespace.C++ supports the feature of namespace.
11)Exception handling is not easy in C. It has to perform using other functions.C++ provides exception handling using Try and Catch block.
12)C does not support the inheritance.C++ supports inheritance.

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